Plants

Akron drops milkweed, goldenrod from its list of banned, noxious plants

Akron’s backyard beekeepers and gardeners are buzzing with excitement from a recent update in city code removing some plants from Akron’s noxious weeds list.

The amended ordinance, passed on Monday by Akron City Council, allows local gardeners to grow plants previously banned on private property, such as milkweed and goldenrod, that are vital to thriving pollinator populations.

Previous code was ‘unscientific,’ harmed pollinator populations

The effort had been years in the making for experts like Michele Colopy, the executive director of LEAD for Pollinators, an organization aimed to educate and advocate for the health and sustainability of native pollinators.

“This is one small part of bringing this community into land sustainability practice so we can do things like urban farming,” Colopy said. “As science discovers more and more, it’s difficult and a slow process to modernize these things, but it’s vital we support our monarchs and our native pollinators and our native plants.”

A Monarch butterfly spreads its wings as clusters of butterflies gather for a rest in Ohio in September 2020 during their annual 3,000-mile migration from Canada to Mexico.

Colopy and two others spoke during a public comment session at the March 14 council meeting to advocate for what they said was a much-needed update: the previous ordinance was “outdated” and “unscientific.”

“The list that Akron has is sort of a hodgepodge of plants; it makes no sense to a biologist, an ecologist or a beekeeper,” Randy Mitchell, a biology professor at the University of Akron, said at the meeting.”A lot of the plants that are on the list are native plants of Ohio and that’s part of our natural heritage. We want to be encouraging the wonderful plants we’ve got here.”

Milkweed flowers.

Previous code disallowed plants such as field daisies, goldenrod, dandelions, milkweed and more. The new ordinance aligns city policy with state guidance, which is more fluid and regularly updated to reflect scientific findings. Now, many of the plants — except for harmful ones like poison ivy and poison oak — are allowed in residents’ yards.

Akron is along the eastern route of monarch butterflies on their annual migration from Mexico to Canada and is often a final food source for the butterflies before they head North across Lake Erie. Other pollinators, such as honeybees, also rely on the nectar of milkweed and other plants.

“These pollinators that are supported by these plants are important; they help us make food, they make our gardens successful, they give us enormous beauty and a great deal of enjoyment,” Mitchell said. “They’re important parts of a healthy, natural ecosystem.”

New ordinance will allow small businesses to grow

The previous restrictions were not only harmful to the environment, advocates say, but also to local businesses including Emily Mueller’s.

“In fact, people actually seek out goldenrod honey,” said Mueller, a trustee for the Summit County Beekeepers Association, at last Monday’s council meeting. Mueller also owns and operates Mueller Honeybee Rescue in Akron. “Small businesses like my own beekeepers are thriving on the honey sales from these specific flowers that are actually on your list.”

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